In addition to recommending lifestyle changes, doctors may prescribe drug therapy if osteoporosis is diagnosed or if there is an elevated risk of osteoporosis. Today there are a number of effective treatment options available that have been shown to act quickly, to maintain bone density and to reduce the risk of having fractures. It is important that the choice of treatment be tailored to a patient''s specific medical needs and lifestyle.

Calcium and vitamin D supplements are also usually prescribed with any osteoporosis treatment. Sufficient calcium, vitamin D and protein intake not only helps to prevent osteoporosis, it is also important in helping to maintain bone density and muscle function in patients diagnosed with osteoporosis. Calcium and vitamin D supplements are especially important for individuals at high risk of fracture.

Nutrition and lifestyle factors as well as weight-bearing exercise play an important role in osteoporosis prevention and management. By improving balance, muscle strength and agility, individually tailored exercise programs can also help to prevent falls. Special exercise programs, under professional supervision, can help with rehabilitation and pain relief after a fracture.

Common treatments that are currently available are:

Inhibitor of bone resorption:

  • Bisphosphonates (eg)
    • Alendronate
    • Ibandronate
    • Risedronate
    • Zoledronate (zoledronic acid)
  • Calcitonin
  • Hormone replacement strategy
  • Selective estrogen receptor modulator(SERMS)
    • Raloxifene

Stimulator of Bone formation

  • Parathyroid Hormone :Teriparatide

Mixed Mechanism of Action

  • Strontium Ranelate